New Approaches for Water Protection
Treatment of wastewater from industrial and urban municipal sources has improved considerably during recent decades. Diffuse pollution including that caused by wastewater from sparsely populated rural areas has become a more significant factor in the
deterioration of water quality in rivers, lakes and groundwater. It is therefore increasingly important to develop innovative technologies to deal with these problems, including small-scale solutions. In Finland, special wastewater technology is
particularly needed in island communities. The rural municipality of Västanfjärd, on Finland’s southwest coast, has set an ambitious target: all new toilets installed in the community are to be dry composting or urine separating toilets.
New Approaches for Water Protection.pdf (547 kb)