FE19/2012 Evaluation of climate policies and measures in EU member states – examples and experiences from four sectors
Hanna Mela and Mikael Hildén, 2012.
The Finnish Environment 19/2012, Environmental protection, 35 p. Finnish Environment Institute. URN:ISBN 978-952-11-4028-0,
ISBN 978-952-11-4028-0 (PDF).
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Improving the effectiveness of climate policy requires monitoring and evaluation of the implementation of policy measures. Also the EU requires that the member states should every two years report their implemented measures to the European Commission according to the Decision 280/2004/EC. This report studies the ex-ante and ex-post evaluations of climate policies implemented in the EU countries. The focus is especially on policies related to buildings, waste and F-gases. The objective of the study is to encourage sharing experiences of evaluations between countries and thus increase the transparency and cost-efficiency of the evaluations. The study addresses e.g. what kind of criteria and methods have been used in the evaluations, what kind of data has been utilised and what kind of limitations have been brought up in the evaluations.
The need to renew the evaluation and reporting of climate policy measures has been recognised both at the EU – and member state level. The European Commission has proposed replacing the current Decision 280/2004/EC with a decree that would oblige member states to report about their policy measures yearly in more detail than currently. The results of this report are reflected against the Commission’s proposal. Based on this report, a clearer distinction should be made between regular, routine-like reporting and research-based evaluations. The report concludes that regular reporting should be restricted to standardised data that is relatively easily available. At the same time, the need to undertake periodic, more in-depth and research-based evaluations, can be emphasised.
Researcher Hanna Mela, Finnish Environment Institute SYKE, email@example.com
Director, Professor Mikael Hildén, Finnish Environment Institute SYKE, firstname.surname @ymparisto.fi, [mikael hilden]