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Air pollutant emissions in Finland

In Finland, the sources of nitrogen oxides (NO x ) and sulphur dioxide (SO 2 ) are mainly in energy production. Nitrogen oxides are generated also in the transport sector and ammonia (NH 3 ) emissions in agriculture.

Finland reports air pollutant emission data annually to the Secretary of the UNECE Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution and to the EU Commission. The emission inventory methodology is based on national and default methods being consistent with the EMEP/EEA  Emission Inventory Guidebook.

Emissions of acidifying compounds and particles in 1990-2018

 

Emissions of acidifying compounds and particles

(1 000 tonnes)

SOx
(as SO2)

NOx
(as NO2)

NH3

NMVOC

CO

PMtot

PM10

PM2.5

 BC

1990

249

306

35

231

754

98 73 46 9.8
1991

206

303

33

221

726

85 66 42 9.3
1992

156

288

32

215

705

78 60 38 8.9
1993

138

293

33

209

690

73 56 35 8.5
1994

123

273

34

208

672

72 52 34 8.2
1995

105

273

34

202

665

68 50 32 7.8
1996

109

277

35

194

657

65 49 31 7.4
1997

101

271

36

194

651

65 45 30 7.2
1998

93

257

35

194

645

59 45 28 7.0
1999

92

252

38

183

626

60 45 28 6.7
2000

82

241

35

177

595

57

43

26

6.4

2001

96

244

35

174

595

58

44

27

6.6

2002

90

242

36

166

579

59

44

27 6.5
2003 101 248 37 162 556 60 45 27 6.3
2004 84 237 37 156 541 59 44 26 6.2
2005 70 208 38 144

509

56 42 25 5.7
2006 83 224 37 140 500 59 43 25 5.5
2007 81 211 37 135 481 55 40 24 5.4
2008  67 194 36 121 463 53 39 23 5.4
2009 59 177 37 112 440 52 38 22 5.4
2010 66 187 37 114 454 54 39 24 5.6
2011 60 171 35 104 414 51 36 21 4.9
2012 50 161 35 101 407 49 35 21 5.0
2013 48 158 35 97 389 49 34 20 4.6
2014 44 151 35 94 383 48 34 19 4.5
2015 41 139 33 89 361 45 31 18 4.2
2016 40 134 33 90 368 47 32 18 4.3
2017 35 130 32 88 359 45 31 18 4.1
2018 33 127 32 85 351 45 31 18 4.0

 

Heavy metal emissions in 1990-2018

Finland reports emissions of the following eight heavy metals: arsenic, cadmium, chrome, copper, lead, mercury, nickel and zinc. Emissions of vanadium are also calculated, but emissions of selenium are not estimated in time series. The main sources of heavy metal emissions in Finland are production of non-ferrous metals and waste incineration.

 

Heavy metal emissions

(tonnes)

Lead
(Pb)

Cadmium
(Cd)

Mercury
(Hg)

Arsenic
(As)

Chrome
(Cr)

Copper
(Cu)

Nickel
(Ni)

Zinc
(Zn)

1990

321

6.7

1.1 35

48

157 78 679

1991

237

3.8

0.9

24

60

149

61

469

1992

165

3.3

0.9

18

48

124

52

371

1993

105

3.4

0.8

16

38

112

46

346

1994

74

2.7

0.8

11

40

106

44

401

1995

73

2.1

0.8

5.2

36

117

47

403

1996

49

1.9

0.9

8.5

33

110

37

269

1997

32

1.5

0.8

14

29

128

38

146

1998

37

1.7

0.7

14

30

85

34

149

1999

35

1.5

0.6

5.3

31

68

37

140

2000

31

1.4

0.6

4.4

29

65

35

127

2001

30

1.7

0.7

5.2

26

66

32

130

2002

31

1.4

0.7

4.0

39

69

38

146

2003 25 1.3 0.8 3.7 29 60 35 126
2004 26 1.6 0.8 4.1 26 58 31 123
2005 21 1.5 0.9 3.0 20 59 26 116
2006 25 1.4 1.0 2.9 25 44 28 118
2007 22 1.3 0.9 3.0 29 42 25 106
2008 20 1.2 0.8 3.1 27 40 22 118
2009 17 1.2 0.8 2.9 17 42 21 117
2010 20 1.3 0.9 3.4 26

42

23 130
2011 19 1.2 0.7 3.0 17 42 20 126
2012 16 1.2 0.7 2.6 19 41 19 128
2013 16 1.1 0.8 2.8 18 42 17 124
2014 17 0.9 0.7 2.7 23 43 17 132
2015 15 0.9 0.6 2.5 17 41 16 119
2016 16 0.9 0.6 2.6 18 42 15 127
2017 16 1.0 0.6 2.5 17 41 14 120
2018 15 0.9 0.7 2.4 15 40 14 119

 

Emissions of persistent organic compunds in 1990-2018

Finland reports emissions of polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) as the sum of benzo(a)pyrene, benzo(b)fluoranthene, benzo(k)fluoranthene and indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene (PAH-4). The emissions of dioxins and furans (PCDD/F), hexachlorobenzene (HCB), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) and pentachlorophenols (PCP) are also included in the reporting. In Finland, the sources of these compounds are mainly in incopmlete combustion. The use of POP compounds is restiricted or forbidden.

 

Emissions of persistent organic compounds (POP)

 

g I-TEQ

t

kg

kg kg

Dioxins and furans

Polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAH)

Hexachorobenzene (HCB)

Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) Pentachlorophenols (PCP)
1990 18

7.1

36 29

15

1991 19

7.1

36 25

17

1992 18

7.2

37 26

19

1993 18

7.4

37 28

22

1994 19

7.5

36 29

24

1995 19

7.7

36 29

18

1996 18

8.0

38 28

13

1997 18

8.0

39 30

20

1998 18

8.3

38 31

27

1999 18

8.0

38 30

41

2000 19

7.7

39 30

55

2001 16

8.5

18 29

46

2002 16

8.7

12 29

21

2003 14 8.8 10 30 19
2004 14 8.9 26 31 17
2005 14 8.7 32 31 16
2006 15 8.9

36

32 15
2007 14 9.0 38 32 21
2008 17 9.7 19 31 33
2009 13 10.1 27 21 32
2010 16 11.1 9 28 32
2011 14 9.7 26 28 46
2012 15 10.4 10 25 47
2013 15 9.8 17 24 47
2014 16 10.0 22 25 -
2015 14 9.5 16 24 -
2016 16 10.3 60 26 -
2017 13 10.1 34 26 -
2018 14 10.0 32 26 -

 

Published 2013-09-12 at 12:54, updated 2020-04-15 at 12:43