The decline in species continues in almost all habitats

Long-term progress:
There are threatened species in all habitats.
Short-term progress:
With the exception of one habitat, the number of threatened species has increased from the 2000 Red List to the 2010 List.
Progress in relation to targets:
Halting biodiversity loss in Finland was not achieved by 2010, and it will be difficult to meet the target by 2020.

Genuine changes of category for threatened species 2000–2010

Genuine changes of category for threatened species
Sources: Rassi P., Hyvärinen E., Juslén A. & Mannerkoski I. (eds.): The 2010 Red List of Finnish Species. 2010.

Threatened species in all habitats

When comparing the 2000 and 2010 Red Lists of Finnish species, it becomes clear that more species have become threatened in all habitats, with the exception of built-up environments. The comparison shows that within ten years, the status of 356 species has been reclassified as more critical, and that of 186 as less critical. These figures only include genuine changes in classification where the category of a particular species has been changed due to changes in population size or distribution, not due to changes in assessment criteria.

The change for the worse has been most prominent on shores, with the status of 60 species being reclassified as more critical and that of only 14 species as less critical. The future looks particularly grim for species living on Baltic sand beaches and coastal meadows as well as on meadows on lake shores and river banks as these habitats are threatened by overgrowth. There is also a growing danger that mires, alpine heaths and rock outcrops will lose some of their species.

The status of beetles has improved most of all groups of organisms, and is now less critical for 76 species, and more critical for 54, all habitats included. Many beetles have become more widespread due to warmer summers, or have benefited from aspens and other trees left in clear-cut areas.

The national strategy and action plan for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity 2013–2020 was approved in December 2012. The primary aim of this strategy, entitled ‘Saving Nature for People’ is to halt the loss of biodiversity by 2020. The previous action plan for 2006–2016 set the same goal for 2010.

Sources:

  • Rassi P., Hyvärinen E., Juslén A. & Mannerkoski I. (eds.): The 2010 Red List of Finnish Species. 2010.
  • Finnish Environment Institute. 2013.
Rantakäärme

Grass snakes (Natrix natrix) have become more common on the shores of the Baltic Sea. The classification of the species was changed from ‘vulnerable’ to ‘near threatened’ in the 2010 Red List. Photo Petri Shemeikka.

 

Published 2015-08-19 at 9:50, updated 2016-07-21 at 18:27