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Earlier evaluations of threatened species

The first extensive evaluation of threatened species in Finland was conducted in the 1980s. The results were published as a Report on the Monitoring of Threatened Animals and Plants in Finland, in 1986. In addition to general information, the Report contained a list of threatened species in Finland and 89 proposals for protection measures. In the Report's appendices, a thorough account was given of the 1,051 species classified as threatened.

Suikeanoidanlukko (VU) vastuulaji_p.jpg
Botrychium lanceolatum is a vulnerable species in Finland. © Tuomas Lahti.

A decision was taken to conduct the following assessment of threatened species within five years. The results of this assessment were published as a Report on the Monitoring of Threatened Animals and Plants in Finland, in 1992. The 1990 list of threatened species included 1,692 species and 42 proposals for measures.

The 1986 and 1990 evaluations employed the following threat categories: Regionally Extinct, Endangered, Threatened and Near Threatened. The near threatened category was divided into three subcategories: Declined, Rare and Data Deficient. In 1990, these categories were complemented by No Longer Threatened and Changed Status.

A decision was taken to repeat the evaluation every 10 years. Since then, the evaluation has been based on the international classification published in 1994 and subsequently reviewed by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). This classification is based on carefully defined criteria used to evaluate and classify all species. Categories in use include Regionally Extinct (RE), Extinct in the Wild (EW), Critically Endangered (CR), Endangered (EN), Vulnerable (VU), Near Threatened (NT), Data Deficient (DD), Least Concern (LC) and Not Evaluated (NE). In Finnish, these classes were referred to using their English-language abbreviations. Species in the CR, EN and VU categories were classified as threatened. In order to improve comparability, the evaluation in 2000 also classified species in previously used categories.

The Threatened Species Follow-up Team II presented the results of its work to the Minister of the Environment in May 2000, publishing them in the following year in The 2000 Red List of Finnish Species. Species classified as threatened then numbered 1,505 and a total of 186 were classified as regionally extinct. Additionally, 1,060 were Near Threatened. The Follow-up Team presented 19 proposals for action.

Published 2013-11-26 at 13:23, updated 2016-06-07 at 15:42